People often ask us, why do you care about climate change? Is the temperature rising by 1 degree, 1.5 degrees, or 2 degrees, so serious? From winter to summer, from the Antarctic to the equator, the temperature difference is tens of degrees, aren’t we all living well?
From the perspective of the whole earth, more than 70% of the surface of the earth is covered by the ocean. If the sunlight and temperature on the ocean are increased by one degree, scientists have calculated that the water evaporated into the sky every day will increase a lot. There is much more energy than many atomic bombs. Where did the rising water vapor go? It will not go to outer space. It will fall back to the surface of the earth sooner or later. Simply put, more than 70% will fall on the ocean, and more than 20% will fall on land.
In the future, under the trend of climate warming, rainfall will continue to increase, and it is not ruled out that the precipitation in local areas will decrease. But the overall rainfall will continue to increase, this is a big trend, at least on our land in China, scientific investigations have already reached a conclusion. For example, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has been dominated by warm and humid air in the past few years and in the next few years, that is, the rainfall will increase. It can be said that last year’s Typhoon Lekima and the previous year’s Typhoon Mangkhut were all preliminary warnings to humans.
When we talked about Typhoon Mangkhut, we said that there will be extreme weather such as “big storms that will not be encountered in a hundred years” every year. As you may know this year, there are 26 provinces in our country with 13.74 million people affected. As of June 26, nearly 100 people have been killed or missing, and 744,000 people have been relocated.
These figures are from the statistics that the Ministry of Emergency Management has collected. The number will increase because the rainy season has just arrived. Not only will the numbers increase, but the scope will also expand. We have felt that even in Beijing, rainfall has increased compared with previous years; many areas in Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Xinjiang are also increasing. The increase in rainfall will cause floods in river basins in different regions, which is inevitable.
Taking this opportunity, I would like to say that humanity faces three major crises: the climate crisis, the biodiversity crisis, and the public health crisis, all of which are testing our ability to respond to crises. The problems of future urban construction, sponge cities, and drainage will increasingly show the necessity of putting the crisis response on the urgent agenda.
China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation (CBCGDF) would like to take this opportunity to first of all to greet all the thousands of volunteers in the CBCGDF Fish Protection Center (Oppose Electro Fishing Union), all the CBCGDF Community Conservation Area (CCAfa) sites across the country, and all the CBCGDF Green Great / Green Children young volunteers. May everyone take care and take an active part in the flood relief work.
The core of our volunteerism is the protection of biodiversity and sustainable development. However, in the face of floods, we are here to mobilize everyone and call on everyone, hoping that everyone will participate in the flood relief operations. It is necessary to scientifically and correctly fight floods and disasters, and to abide by the unified management of local emergency command. I hope everyone can make our contribution.
We also want to say that biodiversity and sustainable development are also an important issue facing us in the face of this flood, which requires careful observation and thinking.
We know that mountains, water, forests, fields, rivers, lakes and grasslands are all a community of life. Animals, plants, microorganisms and habitats, and genes are all important elements of biodiversity protection. When faced with huge natural disasters and natural changes, biodiversity conservation also has more complex and profound propositions.
For example, everyone knows that there is a major epidemic after a major disaster; after the disaster, natural bacterial microorganisms have the soil and environment to spread the outbreak. Bacteria and microorganisms are also the objects of biodiversity concern. How to pay attention to epidemic prevention during and after disasters to avoid new health threats? We also need to pay attention to this issue. Another example is the issue of epidemic prevention. How to fully consider the connection between biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in natural ecological habitats during the post-disaster build back?
Here, I hope that the colleagues of CBCGDF, all the volunteers of CBCGDF, and all the disaster-affected and non-disaster-affected people can unite and face the challenges of nature together. Every time nature disasters us, it is a lesson for us.
We also hope that CBCGDF volunteers can share their frontline stories of flood control, disaster relief, epidemic prevention and biodiversity protection, which will also encourage and spur us to let us learn and improve together, to build back better together.
(The above is based on the dictation of Zhou Jinfeng, the Secretary-General of CBCGDF and is not reviewed by the speaker himself.)
Original Chinese article:
By / Maggie, Liu Xiling (Volunteer)
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